### Helo, Mars!

Objective Apply trigonometric ratios to the NASA Mars Helicopter Scout so that flight data such as climb angle and average speed can be calculated given initial flight parameters. Vocabulary • Slope: The angle the rille wall makes to the horizontal. • Above Ground Level (AGL): The altitude as measured from the local area. • Altitude: …

### Methane in the membrane (Producing rocket fuel on Mars)

Vocabulary • Carbon (C): Element with a mass of 12 g/mole • Hydrogen (H): Element with a mass of 1 g/mole • In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU): Taking advantage of a planet’s natural resources to supplement a space mission • Low Mars Orbit (LMO): The minimum altitude above the Martian surface necessary to maintain a stable …

### The thrill(e) on the Rille

Vocabulary • Depth: ​How deep the rille is. • Distance: How far from the edge of the rille to its center. • Rille:​ A collapsed lava tube that resembles a small canyon. • Rope Length: The amount of rope needed to descend Hadley Rille. • Rope Weight: The mass of the rope per standard length. …

### Hubble, bubble, toil and trouble

Vocabulary • Focal Length: ​The distance between a curved mirror and its Focal Point • Focal Point: The position where all reflected light inside the telescope focuses to a point of light • Focal Surface:​ The place where the Focal Point converges to • Primary Mirror: The larger of the two curved mirrors that reflect …

### Gliding a spaceship back to Earth

Vocabulary • Altitude: The distance a spacecraft is above a given point on the ground • Distance From Spaceport: The ground distance from the edge of the runway to the spacecraft • Glide Distance: The distance the Landing Laser measures to the spacecraft • Glide Slope (Ø): The angle a spacecraft makes to the horizontal …

### The new Eagle has landed (via the Boeing Space Tug)

Vocabulary •Landing Kit: Includes the lunar landing legs, infrastructure, landing radar, etc. •Lunar Investment: The amount of money needed to fully fund a mission to the Moon •Lunar Material: A certain substance that can only be found on the Moon •Powered Ascent Initiation (PAI): The lunar liftoff ∆V requirements equal to 1,890 mps •Powered Descent …